Monday, April 13, 2009

JAY SHYAMA MAI

IN MEMORY OF LATE SHRI MADHUSUDHAN JHA

List of major Temples constructed by Raj Darbhanga

  • Kankali Mandir, Rambagh, Darbhanga
  • Madheshwar Mandir, Darbhanga
  • Shyama Temple, Darbhanga
  • Manokamna Mandir, Darbhanga - This is a small temple dedicated to God Hanuman. It is intricately carved temple, built entirely of white marble.
  • Raj Rajeshwari Kali Mandir, Muzaffarpur
  • Kali Mandir, Navlakha Palace, Patna
  • Ram Mandir, Bans Phatak, Varanasi
  • Ram Sita Mandir, Ahiari Village, District - Darbhanga - Built in 1817 by Maharaja Chhatra Singh Bahadur.
  • Temple Complex at Darbhanga. - Temples were constructed by Raj Darbhanga at the site where the Maharajas of Darbhanga were cremated. There are several temples in the complex. An interesting fact of these temples was that till the decade of 1980's jackals use to come to the complex every evening and were offered food by the priests of the temples. However, due to rapid urbanisation of Darbhanga town, specially in areas around these temples, the jackals do not come to the complex any longer.
  • Lakshmeshwari Tara Mandir, Darbhanga

Raj Darbhanga and Indian Independence Movement

Maharaja Lakshmeshwar Singh Bahadur was also one of the founders of Indian National Congress in 1885. It was an open secret that Raj Darbhanga was one of the major donors to Indian National Congress despite maintaining its proximity to British Raj. During British Rule, Congress Party wanted to hold their annual convention in Allahabad but they were denied permission by the Government to use any public place in Allahabad for this purpose. Thus, Maharaja of Darbhanga bought this area and allowed Congress to hold their annual convention there. The annual convention of Congress of 1892 was held on December 28, 1892 at the extensive grounds of Lowther Castle, purchased by the then Maharaja of Darbhanga.

This area was leased to Indian National Congress by Maharaja of Darbhanga to thwart the attempts by British officials to deny Indian National Congress the place to hold annual convention. The Maharaja of Darbhanga was a major supporter of Indian National Congress.

Palace Complex, Raj Darbhanga

One least known fact is that Maharaja Kameshwar Singh was the first person in India to get a bust of Mahatma Gandhi made and this bust was presented to the then viceroy of India Lord Linlithgow to be displayed in Government House (now Rashtrapati Bhawan).This was acknowledged by Mahatma Gandhi in a letter to Lord Linlithgow in 1940.

Among his beneficiaries were stalwarts such as Dr Rajendra Prasad, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Shubhash Chandra Bose, Mahatma Gandhi, and others in India, besides Swami Bhawani Dayal Sanyasi of South Africa.

Kings of Raj Darbhanga, Mithila Society and Maithili Language

The Kings of Raj Darbhanga were Brahmins by caste. Mithila being a centre of knowledge from times immemorial, the Kings promoted knowledge, art and craft in every possible manner. This has had a profound effect on society of Mithila. Even today, a persons social standing is considered by his knowledge than wealth acquired by him.

Nargona Palace

Maharaja of Darbhanga and Darbhanga Raj were looked upon as embodiment of Mithila and Maithili by people in the region. The Maharaja was also hereditary head of Maithil Mahasabha. Maharaja and Raj Darbhanga played a prominent role in revival of Maithili language and literature.

Maharaja Kameshwar Singh being a core nationalist espoused cause of Hindi along with Maithili. This caused great anguish to leaders of Maithili movement. Maharaja Kameshwar Singh gave a call to the people to start using Devanagari script rather than tirhuti script for writing in Maithili. Today, people write Maithili using Devanagari script and efforts are being made to revive Tirhuti Script again. In 1931, the then Maharaja of Darbhanga, Kameshwar Singh Bahadur made an endowment of Rs. One lakh to Patna University to create a Maithili development fund. These had the desired result of spurt in literary activities and publications, and ultimately in 1937, the language came to be recognized in the field of higher education.

The views of Maharaja Kameshwar Singh did not gain popularity with the people except for call for using Devanagri script. He effectively became leader of small elite group having pan-nationalistic agenda rather than a popular King of masses. His alienation from the masses can be gauged from the fact that he lost in general election in Bihar in 1952 despite being one of the biggest philanthropist and progressive minded King in pre-independence India.

A remark by an erstwhile Secretary of Maithil Mahasabha best reflects the dicotomy between interest of maithili and national integration in actions of last Maharaja of Darbhanga Kameshwar Singh - was a great nationalist, one of the founders of Indian National Congress. Now he worked for national integration. So he removed the claim of Maithili itself and fought for Hindi. we have a script of our own, but when he established a printing press here [in Darbhanga], he established a Hindi printing press. A great contribution to national integration but a loss for Mithila

At the same time, Maharaja Kameshwar Singh, also published Mithila Mihir, a maithili periodical. Mithila Mihir was published Newspaper and Publications Pvt. Ltd, by one of the companies owned by Raj Darbhanga. Publication of Mithila Mihir was continued till the decades of 1980s and intermittently thereafter. Maharaja Kameshwar Singh had made a provision in his will for continued publication of Mithila Mihir, that ensured publication of this Maithili periodical since 1908 to 1980s.


3 comments:

  1. JAI SHYAMA MAI


    IN MEMORY OF BADE BHAIYA( LATE. PANDIT SHREE MADHUSUDAN JHA)




    Late shree madhusudan jha was the backbone of Shyama Bhakt pariwar. although he was not the real son of the head preist of ma shyama mandir (Dr.Shree Premanand Jha) but he was more than a real son and he also fulfilled all the responsibility.




    he was the father for fatherless, home for homeless, piece of bread for a begger. he did charity throughout his life without any self intrest. he was like an angel who came on earth to lessen people's sorrows and give tham his smile.




    in darbhanga he was known as bade bhaiya, people from all over who know him call him bade bhaiya. he was really big brother for all.




    i was also one of the luckiest person who could get his blessings, and could enjoy his company.




    my eyes still fill with tears when i remember the last rakhi with him. i couldn't forget those moment when i went to Darbhanga for few hours on rakshabandhan. at that time i was very happy to be there with bhaiya, coz i was not aware that it would be my last rakhi with bhaiya.




    it was the month of nov. 2008 when bhaiya came to delhi for treatment, and he was recovered from illness very soon. and when i got there in hospital to see him i was very assured that he is okey now.




    but on the morning of 29th nov 2008 we heard the most heart breaking news that our bade bhaiya is no more. and we have lost our big brother for good.








    but he will always be there in our hearts and his blessings will be on us always.








    jai shyama mai.

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  2. i love bihar specially darbhanga and i have intrest in everything related with darbhanga . such a nice city

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  3. I LOVE TO MUCH MY DARBHANGA ...BECOZ ITS MY MOTHER LAND...AND I PROUD THAT I BORN HERE...JAI MITHILA BHUMI.....

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